The term special learning disabilities is used to cover a number of learning-related difficulties. Many people use this term as a synonym for dyslexia, but in reality dyslexia is just one of the special learning difficulties.
In essence, it is a definition of "umbrella" under which difficulties come, such as the dyslexia mentioned above, dysgraphia, dyspraxia, dysentery, spelling, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and even autism.
The term "special learning disability" is used to describe inherent disorders that complicate the learning process. These disorders may affect a single cognitive or functional area, or more. For example, dysgraphia refers to the difficulty of coordinating the movements required for writing, while dyslexia includes deficits in many cognitive and functional difficulties, such as memory, auditory and visual processing, orientation in space and time, etc. ..
When we talk about special learning difficulties we are talking about cognitive and functional deficits with which one is born and which make this person difficult in the learning process.
Often, the same symptoms of special Learning Disabilities (errors in writing, difficulty in expression, emotional difficulties, etc.), are found in the case of generalized learning difficulties.
The difference between specialized and generalized Learning Disabilities is simple. In the second case the person has difficulty learning as a secondary symptom due to some other difficulty or pre-existing disorder.